- Introduction: safety and loss prevention, definition of hazard, risk and risk assessment, scope and outline of risk management, frequency and severity, intrinsic and extrinsic safety, risk balance, Pareto principle,epidemiological approach, hazard warning.
- Identification of hazards and basic definitions: toxicity, flammability, sources of ignition, fires, explosions, ionising radiation,noise pollution, temperature and pressure deviations.
- Fire protection: classification of fires, fundamentals of fire suppression, fire protection systems and facilities, thermal radiation.
- Explosions and detonations: theoretical aspects of explosions, pressure relieving devices, dust explosions, BLEVEs.
- Toxicity and safe handling of materials.
- Hazard and operability studies (HAZOP): basic principles, explanation of guide wrds, procedures, critical examination of flowsheets.
- Risk analysis; acceptable risks and safety priorities, cost of saving a life, frequency of accidents, safety check lists, fault trees, redundancy and voting systems, assessment of risks from complex plants.
- Strengths and limitations of quantitative risk assessment, modelling, a systematic approach to risk reduction, human factors, management of process safety, insurance.
- Industrial hygiene, identification MSDS, evaluating exposure to volatile toxicants.
10.Source models, flow of liquid through a hole, liquids through pipes - 2K method, vapour and gases through pipes, flashing liquids.
11.Toxic release and dispersion models, parameters affecting dispersion.
12.Fires and explosions, definitions, flammability characteristics of liquids and vapours.